Dogs are man’s best companions. They play, protect, guard, save and even give their lives to protect their loved ones and families at times. Dogs have been used in law enforcement dating back to Medieval ages. In modern era, dogs play a vital role in law enforcement as K-9 units in searching for drugs and explosives, searching for lost people, looking for crime scene evidence, and protecting their handlers.
10. German Shorthaired Pointer
German shorthaired pointers also commonly known as GSP have an excellent sense of smell along with tracking ability. Holding his large brown nose low, he follows ground scent intensely, unlike the Pointer, who runs with his head up. GSP was originally bred as a family dog with great hunting ability. Their amazing sense of smell and tracking ability has made them one of the preferred police dogs.
7. Labrador Retriever
6. Dutch Shepherd
Dutch Shepherds comes in three varieties: Long-haired, Short-haired, and Wire-haired. The Dutch Shepherd was discovered as a naturally occurring shepherd’s dog type living in the rural areas of the larger region that today includes The Netherlands. Dutch Shepherds are a pleasure to train. They take training well compared to other Shepherds and are very intelligent, active and perform well with obedience training, guarding and herding which makes them a perfect dog for police works.
5. Giant Schnauzer
The Giant Schnauzer is a working breed of dog developed in the 17th century in Germany. It is the largest of the three breeds of Schnauzer—the other two breeds being the Standard Schnauzer and the Miniature Schnauzer. The first Giant Schnauzers emerged from Swabia in the German state of Bavaria, and Württemberg in Germany. The Giant Schnauzer was originally bred as a multipurpose farm dog for guarding property and driving animals to market. By the turn of the 20th century, the Giant Schnauzer was being used as a watchdog at factories, breweries, butcheries, and stockyards throughout Bavaria. It was unknown outside Bavaria until it was used as a military dog in World War I and World War II. In modern times, they are used as police dogs.
4. Doberman Pinscher
Dobermans are born with intimidating looks. Originally bred in Germany around 1890 by a tax collector named Karl Dobermann, and named after the breeder.Traditionally, Doberman’s ears are cropped and the tail is docked to give them a fierce look. Dobermans are relatively light weight compared to other breeds like Rottweilers and German Shepherds but extremely fast and some even call them the “Ferrari of the Dogs”. They can reach long distances in seconds which make them an ideal guard dog for properties with a larger perimeter. Although Doberman is an excellent pet, they are stereotyped by the media as an aggressive and ferocious dog. They were bred for this purpose to be fearless, intelligent, fast with intimidating looks which make them an excellent police dog in stopping and keeping the criminals in check.
3. Belgian Malinois
Belgian Malinois is a medium-large breed of dog sometimes classified as a variety of Belgian Shepherd rather than called as a separate breed. Belgian Malinois were originally developed in the city of Malines, Belgium. They are very intelligent breed, they take training and instructions well. They are a very energetic breed of dog and like to take training and be playful. Malinois can perform a variety of jobs including herding, search and rescue, agility training making them suitable for police works.
Rottweiler is one of the oldest herding dogs with the history dating back to roman empire. They are called Rottweiler Metzgerhund in German meaning Rottweil Butcher’s dog as one of their job use to be herding livestock and pull carts loaded with butchered meat to the market. Like Dobermans, Rottweilers too have an intimidating look. Rottweilers have their working breed trait bred in them for years. During World war I and World war II, Rottweilers were used as police dogs, messenger, ambulance and guard dogs. Even in the modern day, Rottweilers are used in K-9 units to help with police and law enforcement works.
1. German Shepherd
German Shepherds also known as Altation in Great Britain and some other parts of Europe were bred specifically for their intelligence for which they are famous all around the world. German Sheperd (GSD) is considered the third intelligent breed of dog after Border Collie and Poodle. They can learn a new task by just five repetitions and obeyed the first command give almost 95% of the time. Their friendliness, willingness to learn and work has given them lot of job titles – Police and Military dog, herding dog, Drug enforcement dog and even Movie Star.
Currently, GSDs are mainly used for Police works for tracking criminals, patrolling troubled areas and detection and holding of the suspects. GSDs are used in Military in local and overseas missions – Their role mainly is to alert the soldiers to the presence of enemies or hazards. GSDs are active, strong and willing to go to any extent to do the job for which they are deployed. They are always ready to take the bullet on the front line and doesn’t even hesitate a second to move forward which makes them a No.1 choice of police dog.